Since M Rothschild was deprived of Premier Grand Cru status for his Chateau Mouton in 1855, he thought perhaps that he should buy Chateau Lafite in 1868, thus demonstrating that you can’t thwart a Rothschild.
During the 20th century, Lafite has been a little up and down with a notable dodgy patch in the 60s. In the last 30 years though, it has been consistently good. It is now the most expensive First Growth, partly due to its popularity in China.
The blend is over 80% cabernet sauvignon with the rest made up mostly by merlot.
There is a popular second wine known as Carruades de Lafite.